Alexander David Boyle’s Medals

Read about the following medals awarded to New Zealander Alexander Boyle. 

1914 – 1915 star, 1914 – 1920 War Medal, 1914-1919 Victory Medal and oak leaf clasp, 1939-1945 Defence Medal, 1939 – 1945 War Medal, King George V Silver Jubilee Medal, US Legion of Merit and the Croix de Guerre.


1914 – 1915 star

This medal was awarded to those servicemen in the Army, RFC, and Navy that were serving at the outbreak of the First World War and fought in 1914 and 1915. Remembering that by the end of 1915 many men who were with the colours as at 5 August 1914 were killed, discharged due to injury, POWs or missing. It was awarded to the New Zealanders that formed the Samoan Contingent and the ship’s company of HMS Philomel.[1] Note Boyle got his for service aboard HMS New Zealand.

1914 – 1920 War Medal (Also known as the British War Medal 1914-1920)

This medal was awarded to every serviceman (and women) that served overseas in the First World War[2] and are the most common of medals in First World War medal groups. Again, Boyle qualified for his service on HMS New Zealand.

1914-1919 Victory Medal and oak leaf clasp

This medal was awarded to service men that served overseas in the First World War. This was also issued to the Royal Navy for those that served in the Grand Fleet and other fleets. The Oak Leaf clasp should signify Mention in Despatches that he received for his part at the Battle of Jutland 31 May-1 June 1916

1939-1945 Defence Medal

This medal was awarded for twelve months non-operational service outside New Zealand or for six months service if the area was threatened by air raids or possible invasion. Most of the 2nd NZEF and personnel serving with the RAF qualified for this medal.[3]

1939 – 1945 War Medal

This medal was awarded for a serviceman who served for 28 days in the Army, RNZAF, and RNZN in New Zealand or overseas between 3 September 1939 and 2 September 1945.[4] All New Zealand personnel would have received this medal at the very least.

King George V Silver Jubilee Medal  

This medal was one of 84,400 of these medals issued to individuals as personal souvenirs in 1935 to those selected throughout the British Empire. Boyle, with his connections, his service on the Royal Yacht, would have been one of those selected.

US Legion of Merit

This medal was created by the US Army in 1940 for awarding to foreign military officers with which the United States forces worked with during the Second World War. Boyle appears to have qualified for his service in Wellington and Lyttelton during the Second World War.[5] Presumably he interacted with the American Forces in NZ during the war and they decided to award him this honour.

Croix de Guerre

This medal was instituted in 1915 by France for award to all ranks of the French forces and Allied Forces for individual mention in despatches.[6] Boyle would have received this medal for his MID while at Jutland aboard HMS New Zealand.

[1] Brett Delahunt, Geoffrey P. Oldham, Orders, Decorations and Medals Awarded to New Zealanders: An Illustrated Guide for Collectors, Auckland: Privately Published, 1991, p. 53.

[2] ibid., p. 53.

[3] ibid., p. 58

[4] ibid.

[5] Christine Amber, ‘An American Medal with a French Twist’, Quarterly Journal of Military History 22:4 (2010), pp. 8-9.

[6] H. Taprell Dorling, Ribbons and Medals, Alec A. Purves (ed.), Revised ed., London: Osprey Publishing, 1983. p. 194.