Arctic Star Medal

The Arctic Star was granted for operational service of any length north of the Arctic Circle (66 degrees, 32’N) from the 3rd September, 1939, to the 8th May, 1945, inclusive.  The Arctic Star is intended to commemorate the Arctic Convoys and is designed primarily for the ships of the convoys to North Russia and their Escorts. 

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Albert Medal

The Albert Medal was first instituted by Royal Warrant in 1866. The rationale was to acknowledge those “heroic actions performed by mariners and others to prevent such loss [of lives at sea] and to save lives the lives of those who are in danger of perishing by reason of wrecks and perils of the sea…”

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Alexander David Boyle’s Medals

Read about the following medals awarded to New Zealander Alexander Boyle. 

1914 – 1915 star, 1914 – 1920 War Medal, 1914-1919 Victory Medal and oak leaf clasp, 1939-1945 Defence Medal, 1939 – 1945 War Medal, King George V Silver Jubilee Medal, US Legion of Merit and the Croix de Guerre.

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1939-1945 Campaign Stars and the Defence Medal

Read about the various Campaign Stars and the introduction of the Defence Medal. This includes the 1939-45 Star, the Africa Star, the Atlantic Star, the Air Crew Europe Star, the Italy Star, the France and Germany Star, the Pacific Star, the Burma Star, and the Clasps to these Stars.

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Battle Honours

Battle Honours were instituted formally by the Royal Navy in 1954 per order 2565/54. The rationale for introducing Battle Honours was to foster an espirit de corps and an understanding of history of the Royal Navy.

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Medal Rules for the Royal Navy 1914-1918

Read about the medal rules for the First World War. For the Navy to qualify for the British War Medal you had to serve for a minimum of 28 days in uniform.  To qualify for the Victory Medal you had to have served in a designated theatre of war. 

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Mentioned in Despatches

Originally a Mention in Despatches was the means of brining an individual’s gallantry or good services to the notice of a higher authority and the names were generally embodied in a Commander-in-Chief’s despatch [report] on a particular battle or action or listed at the end of such a report. In 1902 it was decided that the publication of an individual’s name had to be made in the London Gazette to constitute the award.

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HMS Philomel Silver Badges

The HMS Philomel Silver Badge was issued to the crew of the cruiser – numbers 12430 to 12449 inclusive. Find out which crew received the badge. 

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HMS New Zealand Medals

In 1913, upon the first visit to New Zealand by HMS New Zealand, there were medallions struck to commemorate the visit: The HMS New Zealand Medal, the HMS New Zealand medallions and the HMS New Zealand Medal 1916. 

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France and Germany Star

The France and Germany Star was awarded for service in France, Belgium, the Netherlands and Germany between 6 June 1944 and 8 May 1945.  Its ribbon has five equal stripes of red, white and blue, the colours of the flags of Britain, France and the Netherlands.

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