WOODS, Basil Arthur Naden

Display Number:  0705  
Name:  Woods  Basil Arthur Naden
Rank:  Major Service Number:  
Date Joined:   Date Discharged:  

Basil Woods joined the Auckland Mounted Rifle Regiment in 1914 and was badly wounded during fighting at Gallipoli. After being discharged from the New Zealand Army he took up a commission in the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve and joined the British Armoured Motor Squad as part of an Anglo-Russian Armoured Car Brigade. He served in Russia, Galacia, Romania, the Caucuses and Turkey. Returning to the United kingdom in 1918 he then served in the Royal Tank Corps, serving in several theatres, returning to New Zealand shortly after the end of the war. On the outbreak of the Second World War he volunteered for service in the New Zealand Army, serving briefly overseas until 1941 when he returned to New Zealand and was discharged.

 

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Medal Description (Top Left to Bottom Right (Going across)):  
  • 1914-15 Star - Awarded to servicemen and servicewomen who served between 5 August 1914 and 31 December 1915 in any "theatre of war", provided they had not qualified for the 1914 Star. Those eligible for the medal must have 'served on the establishment of a unit in a theatre of war' during the relevant dates of operations in that area. This included service in Gallipoli (25 April 1915 - 31 December 1915), Egypt (5 November 1914 - 31 December 1915) and service during the capture of German Samoa on 29 August 1914.
  • British War Medal - Recognises the successful conclusion of the First World War. Its coverage was later extended to recognise service until 1920, recognising mine clearing operations at sea, and participation in operations in North and South Russia, the eastern Baltic, Siberia, the Black Sea and the Caspian.
  • Victory Medal (with Mentioned in Despatches) - Was issued to all those who had already qualified for the 1914 Star or the 1914-15 Star, and to most persons who had already qualified for the British War Medal. It was awarded to all New Zealand troops serving overseas, except for those who arrived in Samoa after 30 August 1914 and those serving in Great Britain only. It is also sometimes referred to as the "Allied War Medal", because the same basic design and double rainbow ribbon were adopted by 13 other allied nations. Attached to the ribbon is a Mentioned in Despatches insignia, representing them being Mentioned in Despatches.
  • 1939-1945 Star - Recognises service in the Second World War. It was usually awarded for six months service in special operational areas. Those whose service was shortened by death, injury or capture or who were awarded a decoration or mentioned in despatches also qualified for the medal. Those who served a day or more in specified battles or invasions also qualified for this award. The ribbon has three equal vertical stripes of dark blue (symbolising Navy and Merchant Navy), red (symbolising Army) and light blue (representing Air Force).
  • War Medal - Awarded across the British Commonwealth to all fulltime members of the Armed Force for 28 days service between 3 September 1939 and 2 September 1945 irrespective of where they were serving. On one side is an effigy of King George VI. On the reverse is a lion trampling on a dragon symbolising the Axis powers. The ribbon is the red, white and blue of the (British) Union Flag.
  • Africa Star - Awarded for service in North Africa between 10 June 1940 and 12 May 1943. The ribbon is pale buff in colour with a central vertical red stripe and narrower stripes, one dark blue and one light blue. The pale buff background symbolises the desert, the red stripe symbolises the Army, the dark blue stripe symbolises the Navy and Merchant Navy, while the light blue stripe symbolises the Air Force. New Zealand soldiers who were captured or killed in Greece or Crete in 1941 had qualified for this star before entering Greece. This was because they were based in Egypt on or after 10 June 1940, before being sent to Greece.
  • New Zealand War Service Medal - Awarded for 28 days' full time service or six months' part time service in any of the New Zealand Armed Forces, the New Zealand National Military Reserve or the Home Guard between 3 September  1939 and 2 September 1945. Eligible part time Home Guard Personnel must have completed their six months' part time service between 16 August 1940 and 1 January 1944 (the Home Guard was disbanded in December 1943). It was the first distinctively 'New Zealand' war service medal, which was emphasised by the use of the fern leaf motif on the suspender and the reverse of the medallion, and the national colours of black and white on the ribbon.
  • New Zealand Territorial Service Medal - Awarded to Lieutenant Woods for his service in Russia with Royal Navy Armoured Cars in 1916-17
  • Imperial Russian Medal of St George 3rd Class - Awarded for service in Russia with Royal Navy Armoured Cars in 1916-17
  • General Service Medal 1918-62 (Miniature) - Awarded to military and RAF personnel for numerous campaigns and operations that fell short of full-scale war.
  • 1939-1945 Star (Miniature) - Miniature version of the 1939-1945 Star. Recognises service in the Second World War. It was usually awarded for six months service in special operational areas. Those whose service was shortened by death, injury or capture or who were awarded a decoration or mentioned in despatches also qualified for the medal. Those who served a day or more in specified battles or invasions also qualified for this award. The ribbon has three equal vertical stripes of dark blue (symbolising Navy and Merchant Navy), red (symbolising Army) and light blue (representing Air Force).
  • Africa Star (Miniature) - Miniature version of the Africa Star. Awarded for service in North Africa between 10 June 1940 and 12 May 1943. The ribbon is pale buff in colour with a central vertical red stripe and narrower stripes, one dark blue and one light blue. The pale buff background symbolises the desert, the red stripe symbolises the Army, the dark blue stripe symbolises the Navy and Merchant Navy, while the light blue stripe symbolises the Air Force. New Zealand soldiers who were captured or killed in Greece or Crete in 1941 had qualified for this star before entering Greece. This was because they were based in Egypt on or after 10 June 1940, before being sent to Greece.
  • War Medal (Miniature) - Miniature version of the War Medal. Awarded across the British Commonwealth to all fulltime members of the Armed Force for 28 days service between 3 September 1939 and 2 September 1945 irrespective of where they were serving. On one side is an effigy of King George VI. On the reverse is a lion trampling on a dragon symbolising the Axis powers. The ribbon is the red, white and blue of the (British) Union Flag.
  • The Defence Medal (Miniature) - Miniature version of the Defence Medal. Awarded to British military and civilian personnel for a range of service in the United Kingdom, and to British, British Commonwealth and British Colonial personnel who served outside their home countries in a non-operational area or in an area subject to threat such as air attack. The centre of the ribbon is flame coloured, and the edges are green, symbols of the enemy attacks on Great Britain. Two black stripes represent the blackout in Great Britain.
  • New Zealand War Service Medal (Miniature) - Miniature version of the New Zealand War Service Medal. Awarded for 28 days' full time service or six months' part time service in any of the New Zealand Armed Forces, the New Zealand National Military Reserve or the Home Guard between 3 September  1939 and 2 September 1945. Eligible part time Home Guard Personnel must have completed their six months' part time service between 16 August 1940 and 1 January 1944 (the Home Guard was disbanded in December 1943). It was the first distinctively 'New Zealand' war service medal, which was emphasised by the use of the fern leaf motif on the suspender and the reverse of the medallion, and the national colours of black and white on the ribbon.
  • New Zealand Territorial Service Medal (Miniature) - Miniature version of the New Zealand Territorial Service Medal. Awarded to Lieutenant Woods for his service in Russia with Royal Navy Armoured Cars in 1916-17
  • Insignia of the Order of St Vladimir (Miniature) - Miniature version of the Insignia of the Order of St Vladimir.
  • Insignia of the Order of St Stanislas (Miniature) - Miniature version of the Insignia of the Order of St Stanislas.
  • Insignia of the Order of St Anne (Miniature) - Miniature version of the Insignia of the Order of St Anne.
  • Commemorative Medallion for the Coronation of King Edward VIII - Souvenir medallion commemorating the Coronation of King Edward VIII on the 12th of May 1937 (King Edward was never crowned). 

Notes: The top row has been incorrectly mounted and the Africa Star should be before the War Medal. Also the bottom row of miniatures the Defence Medal should be mounted before the War Medal. The Imperial Russian Medal of St George 3rd class has a ribbon which has been made by joining together two miniature ribbons.