CLARKE, James H

Display Number:  1605  
Name:  Clarke  James Henry
Rank:  Temporary Lieutenant Service Number:  
Date Joined:  1941 Date Discharged:  27 March 1946

 Jim Clarke was born 20 March 1921 New Zealand and joined the Navy as a Scheme F volunteer (Fleet Air Arm pilot) in 1941.  He initially trained in the USA before arriving in the UK in May 1942 as a Temporary Sub-Lieutenant. He continued his training around the UK through to 1944. From February 1944 - May 1945 Clarke was posted with 1833 Squadron to the fleet carrier HMS ILLUSTRIOUS, being promoted to Temporary Lieutenant in November 1944. In May 1945 he was posted ashore and then took up instructional duties with 759 Squadron at HMS HERON for the remainder of the war.

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Medal Description (Left to Right):  
  • 1939-1945 Star - Recognises service in the Second World War. It was usually awarded for six months service in special operational areas. Those whose service was shortened by death, injury or capture or who were awarded a decoration or mentioned in despatches also qualified for the medal. Those who served a day or more in specified battles or invasions also qualified for this award. The ribbon has three equal vertical stripes of dark blue (symbolising Navy and Merchant Navy), red (symbolising Army) and light blue (representing Air Force).
  • Burma Star (Pacific Clasp) - Awarded for service in the Burma campaign from 11 December 1941 to 2 September 1945. It was also awarded for certain specified service in China and Malaya (16 February 1942 - 2 September 1945), Hong Kong (26 December 1941 - 2 September 1945) and Sumatra (24 March 1942 - 2 September 1945). The centre of the ribbon is red (representing the Commonwealth Forces) with outer stripes of dark blue (representing British Forces). The dark blue bands each have at their centres a stripe of bright orange (symbolising the sun). Those who served in these areas after 8 December 1941, but prior to the starting dates mentioned, or served in the Pacific between 8 December 1941 and 2 September 1945 received the Pacific Star. Those who qualified for both were awarded both of these awards were given the first star they qualified for, with a clasp in respect of the second star.
  • The Defence Medal - Awarded to British military and civilian personnel for a range of service in the United Kingdom, and to British, British Commonwealth and British Colonial personnel who served outside their home countries in a non-operational area or in an area subject to threat such as air attack. The centre of the ribbon is flame coloured, and the edges are green, symbols of the enemy attacks on Great Britain. Two black stripes represent the blackout in Great Britain.
  • War Medal - Awarded across the British Commonwealth to all fulltime members of the Armed Force for 28 days service between 3 September 1939 and 2 September 1945 irrespective of where they were serving. On one side is an effigy of King George VI. On the reverse is a lion trampling on a dragon symbolising the Axis powers. The ribbon is the red, white and blue of the (British) Union Flag.
  • New Zealand War Service Medal - Awarded for 28 days' full time service or six months' part time service in any of the New Zealand Armed Forces, the New Zealand National Military Reserve or the Home Guard between 3 September  1939 and 2 September 1945. Eligible part time Home Guard Personnel must have completed their six months' part time service between 16 August 1940 and 1 January 1944 (the Home Guard was disbanded in December 1943). It was the first distinctively 'New Zealand' war service medal, which was emphasised by the use of the fern leaf motif on the suspender and the reverse of the medallion, and the national colours of black and white on the ribbon.