CAVANAGH, T

Display Number:  1301  
Name:  Cavanagh  T
Rank:   Service Number:  
Date Joined:   Date Discharged:  

Serving in the Royal Navy, as a frogman/diver, little is known of his exploits in the Second World War. His medals indicate that he served in the Atlantic, and in operations on the European coast 1944-45, and later in the Pacific. After the war he moved to Australia, and then New Zealand, living in the lower North Island.

 

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Medal Description (Left to Right):  
  • 1939-1945 Star - Recognises service in the Second World War. It was usually awarded for six months service in special operational areas. Those whose service was shortened by death, injury or capture or who were awarded a decoration or mentioned in despatches also qualified for the medal. Those who served a day or more in specified battles or invasions also qualified for this award. The ribbon has three equal vertical stripes of dark blue (symbolising Navy and Merchant Navy), red (symbolising Army) and light blue (representing Air Force).
  • Atlantic Star (France and Germany Clasp) - Awarded to personnel who served an additional 6 months in Home (United Kingdom), Atlantic or North Russian waters after first qualifying for the 1939-45 Star. The ribbon is water silk coloured blue, white and green. These colours symbolise service in the Atlantic Ocean, and in UK and North Russian waters. Those awarded with both the Atlantic Star and the France and Germany Star were awarded the first star they qualified for, with a clasp in respect of the second star. The France and Germany clasp/star is awarded for service in France, Belgium the Netherlands, Germany or adjacent sea areas between 6 June 1944 and 8 May 1945. 
  • Burma Star - Awarded for service in the Burma campaign from 11 December 1941 to 2 September 1945. It was also awarded for certain specified service in China and Malaya (16 February 1942 - 2 September 1945), Hong Kong (26 December 1941 - 2 September 1945) and Sumatra (24 March 1942 - 2 September 1945). The centre of the ribbon is red (representing the Commonwealth Forces) with outer stripes of dark blue (representing British Forces). The dark blue bands each have at their centres a stripe of bright orange (symbolising the sun).
  • War Medal - Awarded across the British Commonwealth to all fulltime members of the Armed Force for 28 days service between 3 September 1939 and 2 September 1945 irrespective of where they were serving. On one side is an effigy of King George VI. On the reverse is a lion trampling on a dragon symbolising the Axis powers. The ribbon is the red, white and blue of the (British) Union Flag.

 

  • 1939-1945 Star (Miniature) - Miniature version of the 1939-1945 Star. Recognises service in the Second World War. It was usually awarded for six months service in special operational areas. Those whose service was shortened by death, injury or capture or who were awarded a decoration or mentioned in despatches also qualified for the medal. Those who served a day or more in specified battles or invasions also qualified for this award. The ribbon has three equal vertical stripes of dark blue (symbolising Navy and Merchant Navy), red (symbolising Army) and light blue (representing Air Force).
  • Atlantic Star (France and Germany Clasp) (Miniature) - Miniature version of the Atlantic Star with a France and Germany clasp. Awarded to personnel who served an additional 6 months in Home (United Kingdom), Atlantic or North Russian waters after first qualifying for the 1939-45 Star. The ribbon is water silk coloured blue, white and green. These colours symbolise service in the Atlantic Ocean, and in UK and North Russian waters. Those awarded with both the Atlantic Star and the France and Germany Star were awarded the first star they qualified for, with a clasp in respect of the second star. The France and Germany clasp/star is awarded for service in France, Belgium the Netherlands, Germany or adjacent sea areas between 6 June 1944 and 8 May 1945. 
  • Burma Star (Miniature) - Miniature version of the Burma Star. Awarded for service in the Burma campaign from 11 December 1941 to 2 September 1945. It was also awarded for certain specified service in China and Malaya (16 February 1942 - 2 September 1945), Hong Kong (26 December 1941 - 2 September 1945) and Sumatra (24 March 1942 - 2 September 1945). The centre of the ribbon is red (representing the Commonwealth Forces) with outer stripes of dark blue (representing British Forces). The dark blue bands each have at their centres a stripe of bright orange (symbolising the sun).
  • War Medal (Miniature) - Miniature version of the War Medal. Awarded across the British Commonwealth to all fulltime members of the Armed Force for 28 days service between 3 September 1939 and 2 September 1945 irrespective of where they were serving. On one side is an effigy of King George VI. On the reverse is a lion trampling on a dragon symbolising the Axis powers. The ribbon is the red, white and blue of the (British) Union Flag.