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Manawanui – Inshore Patrol Craft

The second Manawanui was laid down on 8 December 1978. This ship was a lead-ship of an Inshore Patrol Craft type based on the 1970s RAN torpedo recovery vessel although it was built with a larger superstructure. In March 1988 the RNZN purchased a larger diving tender due to the expansion of the Operational Diving Team. This new vessel was commissioned into service as HMNZDT Manawanui III.

Ship Details:

Manawanui II

Type: Diving Tender

Pennant Number: A09 Manawanui II

Laid Down: 8 December 1979

Completed: 23 May 1979

Commissioned: As HMNZDT Manawanui 28 May 1979 (pennant A09), renamed as HMNZS Kahu 17 May 1988 (pennant A04).

Displacement: 105 tonnes

Machinery: 2 x shaft Cummins diesel engines bhp 730 = 12 knots

Complement: Sixteen officers and ratings as diving tender

Dimensions: 26.8 x 24.4 x 6.1x 2.2m

Armament: Not equipped[1]

Manawanui III

Type: Diving Support Ship

Commissioned: March 1988

Machinery: 2 x Caterpillar marine diesels, 2 shafts 565hp, bow thruster

Range: 9250km @ 11 knots

Dimensions: 43.6 x 9.5 x 3.2m

Complement: 24 officers and ratings

Displacement: 911 tonnes

Armament: Nil.

Ship History:

The first vessel that used the name Manawanui was a tug that operated with the RNZN.

The second Manawanui was built at the Whangarei Engineering and Construction and laid down on 8 December 1978. This ship was a lead-ship of an Inshore Patrol Craft type based on the 1970s RAN torpedo recovery vessel although it was built with a larger superstructure. It was completed on 23 May 1979.  She was commissioned into RNZN service as the diving tender HMNZDT Manawanui on 28 May 1979. Under this name the ship served until 1988. It assisted the recovery efforts on the sunken Soviet liner Mikhail Lermontov in March 1986. On 17 May 1988 the former Manawanui was recommissioned into RNZN service as HMNZS Kahu. In 1990 Kahu was part of the RNZN fleet present at the Waitangi Celebrations.

Manawanui III

In March 1988 the RNZN purchased a larger diving tender due to the expansion of the Operational Diving Team. This new vessel was commissioned into service as HMNZDT Manawanui III. She was formerly known as the Star Perseus and had been used as a diving support vessel for North Sea oil rigs. Combined with the Naval Hospital this vessel provided a wide range of civil services in addition to its prime function as diving tender, mine countermeasures and underwater research. The vessel is fitted with a 250 feet compression chamber and a wet diving bell. Also fitted is a 13 tonne crane, a workshop which included electric and gas welding equipment and a lathe. There is a photographic darkroom, air compressors, a self-tensioning mooring capability. The afterdeck can carry 150 tonnes of equipment if required.

ROP 6 April- 25 May 1988

Manawanui  was docked in Dundee. The ship’s company had come over in March and began the hard task of cleaning up the ship after five months of being laid up. The project was under the control of Ocean Fleets Ltd. The ship’s crane rescued a catamaran that was overloaded with truck tyres taken from the ship. The kiwi on the starboard funnel was reversed so it faced backwards.

Her Commissioning ceremony was held on 5 April 1988. Assistance provided by HMS Camperdown (Dundee RNVR Division) . Present at ceremony were Commander D.A. Cootes, Commander D.N. Wood, the appointed CO of Manawanui. At the ceremony the ship was presented with a miniature brass and copper diving helmet from Ocean Fleets Ltd. This was a speedy project as only a few weeks lapsed between the selection of a diving support vessel, its purchase, transporting the ship’s company, storing ship, sea trials and preparation for the return voyage to New Zealand. This was commented upon by the RN as an example of Kiwi can-do attitude.

Manawanui departed Dundee for Portsmouth on 7 April 1988 arriving 9/4/88. At Portsmouth further equipment added- ship left Portsmouth on 10/4/88 – five day voyage to Gibraltar. Usual issues with new ship found, compass and bow thruster needed repairs which were found to be serious in Gib. 18/4/1988 ship’s company lose soccer game to HMS Rooke 6-1. She left Gibraltar on  19 April 1988 for Port Said  – on passage issues with radio comms discovered and ship’s company dealing with rust. – found out spares were at Cyprus then Singapore so continued on to Port Said. Held ANZAC Day ceremony close to Gallipoli arrives Port Said 27/4/1988

Is swarmed over by local officials that the CO concluded included the secret police, hawkers, pedlars, gully gully man – lack of “gifts” to local officials was the source of some problems. Rat guards made out of a 44 gallon drum – Suez canal light weighing 1.5 tonnes wrestled into place by the ship’s company.

CO feels some of the confusion encountered by [m] was due to the fact that it

  • Not painted as a man o’war
  • Not been through the Suez Canal before
  • Had no guns
  • Did not hold the original documents for the ship
  • No ship’s stamp
  • Ship’s company outnumbered by the Egyptian officials

But the CO’s signature seemed to overcome anything but things were slow as it was Ramadan – [m] enters canal 30/4/1988 0430  in convoy completed in the afternoon and sets sail for Cochin

While in passage on the Red Sea French naval vessels are encountered and one French lynx came over to inspect [m]

9/5/1988 – port engine shut down as lubrication oil leaked into fresh water cooling system – had to use  salt water fire main to cool the engine for inspection. No radio contact and [m] making on starboard engine at 7knots – engine repaired and contact with Auckland made. Ship did drills and maintenance and arrived in Cochin on 14/5/88

Stayed there from 15/5-17/5 hosted by Indian navy- left port but a port main engine salt water cooling pipe burst when rust gave way – return to port and repairs made. Rest of passage to Singapore uneventful and arrived on 25/5/88

ROP 14-31 July 1989

14/7/89 handover of command from LtCDR J H Aitken

Major work was required since commissioning on maintenance and upper-deck ships husbandry.  Poor preparation during the 1988 refit and unsympathetic upper-decks design create a perfect environment for corrosion – on the other hand the living quarters well designed and in good condition

20/7 undertakes ROV exercises to locate the Minato Maru – also in Hauraki Gulf and off Coromandel 30/7/89 – takes part in a diving display on Princess Wharf

31/7/89 – ODT embarked for explosive ordnance disposal – also does DG at range

CO is Lt W G Craig in July 1989

ROP August 1989

Carries out a survey of the ordnance dumps west of Cuvier Island

ROP Sept 1989

Successfully for the first time supplies three working divers supplied by the one air system. Dive bell operated successfully 18/9/89 – another first was a dive to 50m at Gannet Rock by three members of the ODT – diving using Heliox equipment – the LP system could supply three divers with air at 50m but they could not do any work.

25/9 find that the buoys for the DG range semi-submerged and a hazard to shipping – also thought it was not worth the effort to degauss for one-off pieces of kit on [m]

30/9/89 loses starboard after anchor when setting up for ODT training in 50m – broke off at 50cm from the cable/anchor join

ROP October 1989

[m] Began search for anchor 2-10-89  – could not search at 53m needed ROV and extra tanks. – resumed 3-5/10/89 failures of kit prevented the anchor being found anchor replaced 6/10/89 – diving equipment removed and computers added for operations with the RNZIR and UKSAS.

9/10/89

Leaves DNB – deployed the HX29 for a shelf noise trial with HMNZS Southland two DSE scientists aboard

 Arrives Wellington 12/10/89 inspected by the then MOD R J Tizard – is happy with the ship and its role as dive training, acoustic research and support of covert Army operations

15/10/89

Captain R J Eckford’s daughter Miranda christened aboard ship – CN RA S F Teagle present

16/10/89

Boarded ODT and 4 UKSAS personnel – had ,issued a Hercules pickup so drove south – had an accident at Bulls and then another flight to Wellington – sight of “the southerly rollers and 50knot southerlies on departure…was enough for all four to wish the day had never happened and beat a hasty retreat to their bunks.”

17 October do recovery of airdropped supplies, boats and their crews – using [m]’s four Zodiacs. To 30 minutes to safely recover men and boats except one boat that had drifted downwind and was recovered later.

19/10/89

Ship makes passage in darkened condition – off Stephens Island – embarked a reconnaissance party under the command of a US Army Captain in two boats. Difficult job in 3m swells close to the cliffs to avoid sighting by the opposition. The exercise went very well as the crane operator and dive deck crew learned very quickly to be effective.

20/10/89

Ship’s company repairs zodiacs that the SAS had written off

21/10/89

Makes passage to Matai bay to contribute to Exercise Normandy – landing exercises with NZ Army/SAS teams in Nydia Sound – have to deal with civilian boats as it is labour Weekend 1989.

22/10/89

Platoon of D Company embarked at Nydia Bay for Exercise Normandy – rendezvous

At Deep Bay – platoon used 4 [m] to carry out the landing exercise – at Harvey bay platoon picked up – fully armed and camouflaged, shocks the locals who had no idea the men were there.

23/10/89

Finish exercise Normandy – on LMM injured and taken to Blenheim. CO noted the “bearing, discipline, and general purposefulness of the troops was a pleasure to witness…” Another exercise conducted SILVER ANVIL with SAS – picked up 22 paratroopers including the Squadron commander –

In 1998 she was tasked to the Solomons Islands. She was sent to Bougainville to clear possible underwater obstructions in Loloho Harbour. She also carried the Truce Monitoring Team to areas accessible only by sea as part of the peace negotiations following on from Operation BIG TALK.

Manawanui III’s Civilian Support Operations

Her predecessor Manawanui II[2] assisted the recovery efforts on the sunken Soviet liner Mikhail Lermontov in March 1986. By 1996 after various attempts to negotiate peace in Bougainville, the New Zealand Government hosted a series of talks by the warring parties, and in 1997 a truce was negotiated, with an unarmed New Zealand-led multi-national Truce Monitoring Group (TMG) inserted into the island.  RNZN personnel were assigned to the TMG. Canterbury, Endeavour and HMNZDT Manawanui[i] were deployed to assist the insertion of the group. After the arrival of the ships the initial tensions gradually disappeared and the main task of the ships was to land personnel to get things working after years of neglect and damage. This ranged from such jobs as repairing the power supply and rebuilding the local school. During 1998 and 1999 Manawanui undertook two more deployments to Bougainville.

During June 2000 communal conflict on Guadalcanal Island led to a breakdown of law and order.  While a combined Australian and New Zealand air and sea evacuation of nationals was arranged, Te Mana was diverted to the island to support the operation.  Her ship’s company operated the airport during the airlift, while the ship provided radar control for the evacuation aircraft.  Subsequently Te Kaha relieved Te Mana at Honiara, and in September Te Kaha returned to be the venue for initial peace talks.  Ultimately the talks were completed in Townsville, Australia, which led in December 2000 to the insertion of a small International Peace Monitoring Team and RNZN personnel are assigned to this mission.  The IPMT was supported by the RAN and in October 2001 Manawanui deployed to the islands for an eighteen week attachment to the IPMT.  During that time elections were held and Manawanui played an important role in transporting election monitors and assisting the newly-formed government. The RNZN was only able to take part in peacekeeping operations as its fleet was developed and it is to that development that this chapter now turns.

She sailed at 0800 the week ending 24 February 2012 in support of the Defence Force sponsored Operation Hero television programme. Following a two point anchorage, rendezvoused with Philomel (PHL) boats, the television crew and the six children at approximately 1200 yards off Army Bay, Whangaparaoa. We were expected provide the military platform for the children to enter the water from, prior to commencing their swim to Army Bay. Although a relatively short serial, the need to maintain a military unit in camera shot throughout the swim and further beach activities, meant that we did not weigh anchor until approximately 1230 so as to head towards our home port Whitianga.[3] The highlight of April 2012 is without doubt the ship’s involvement in the Whitianga and Martarangi ANZAC commemorations. All the ship’s company were justifiably proud and certainly came back more unified than prior to departure.[4] Finally on 24 September 2012 Manawanui was called into assist when a Fuller’s ferry enroute to Whangaparaoa suffered a fire in the Rangitoto Channel with 63 persons aboard. Along with Deodar the ferry was escorted to Gulf Harbour.

[1] R.J. McDougall, New Zealand Naval Vessels, Christchurch: GP Books, 1989, pp. 136-137.

[2] She was renamed Kahu in 1988.

[3] Manawanui’s ROP February 2012.

[4] Manawanui’s ROP April 2012.

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